Effects of short-term hyperoxia on sytemic hemodynamics, oxygen transport, and microcirculation: An observational study in patients with septic shock and healthy volunteers

This research by Espinoza and others was published in Journal of Critical Care online in June 2019.
Purpose:  To characterize the microvascular effects of a brief period of hyperoxia, in patients with septic shock and in healthy volunteers.
Materials and methods:  In 20 patients with septic shock, we assessed systemic hemodynamics, sublingual microcirculation by SDF-videomicroscopy, and skin perfusion by capillary refill time (CRT), central-peripheral temperature (ΔT°), and perfusion index. Measurements were performed at baseline and after 5 min of inspired oxygen fraction of 1.00. Additionally, we studied 8 healthy volunteers, in whom hyperoxia was prolonged to 30 min.
Results:  In septic patients, hyperoxia increased mean arterial pressure and systemic vascular resistance, but cardiac output remained unchanged. The only significant change in sublingual microcirculation was a decreased heterogeneity flow index (1.03 [1.01–1.07] vs 1.01 [0.34–1.05], P = .002). Perfused vascular density (13.1 [12.0–15.0] vs 14.0 [12.2–14.8] mm/mm2, P = .21) and the other sublingual microvascular variables were unmodified. CRT and ΔT° did not change but perfusion index slightly decreased. In healthy volunteers, sublingual microcirculation and skin perfusion were stable.
Conclusions:  Short-term hyperoxia induced systemic cardiovascular changes but was not associated with noticeable derangement in sublingual microcirculation and skin perfusion. Nevertheless, longer exposures to hyperoxia might have produced different results.
The full text of this article is available to subscribers via this link to the journal’s homepage.  The full text of articles from issues older than sixty days is available via this link to an archive of issues of Journal of Critical Care.  A Rotherham NHS Athens password is required.  Eligible staff can register for an Athens password via this link.  Please speak to the library staff for more details.

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